The M60 is one of the world's most successful main battle tanks with 15,000 having been produced and serving in the armies of 22 countries.Read More
ISO Group is a Fully Qualified Supply Chain for the Main Assemblies of the M60 TankRead More
ISO Group Supports All Maintenance and Overhaul Activity by Providing Quality Spare Parts from our Global Supply ChainRead More
The M60 tank is comprised of over 7000 part numbers, all of which are available through ISO Group. Currently we provide spare parts support for 80% of the world’s M60 Tanks fleets in 12 different countries directly, as well as through in-country resellers and Prime contractors.
The M60 Series was an all-purpose main battle tank (MBT) designed to have the firepower and armor of a heavy tank and the mobility of a medium tank. ISO Group provides spare parts and solutions for the three main versions of the M60; the M60A1, M60A2, and M60A3. ISO Group has experience in the M60 AVDS 1790 Engine, Drivetrain, Transmission, Track Shoe, Electrical Assemblies, Weapons Systems, and Accessories. Follow the links below for more detailed information.
ISO Group is a leader in the supply of OEM and Aftermarket spare parts and Rebuild Services. Our sales and support team has access and knowledge to more than 120 million unique parts for customers around the World.
The M60 was an evolution of the M48A2 Patton tank, and bears a strong family resemblance. The new tank was borne out of desire for greater range and increased firepower. Unlike the earlier tank, the M60 has a wedge-shaped front hull and forged aluminum wheels versus the M48A2's boat-shaped front hull and steel road wheels. The new aluminum road wheels on the M60 were interchangeable with the older steel wheels, but were 65lbs (29kg) lighter apiece than the steel wheels. The 105mm gun M68 was a license-produced version of Britain's L7 gun, but was fitted with an eccentric bore evacuator instead of a concentric model in order to provide more clearance over the rear deck. The exhaust for the personnel heater emerged from the front hull roof and ran to the vehicle's right. The first 300 M60s produced were armed with a .50cal M2HB machine gun in a pedestal mount welded to the left side of the commander's cupola due to production problems with the new M85 machine gun. Of these tanks, the first 45 manufactured were made without the cupola itself, also due to production problems. The M60 originally had no shock absorbers, however these were added beginning in 1962, and retrofitted to earlier tanks. Fifteen of the earliest M60s produced had insufficiently thick hull armor, and were therefore used by the Armor School as training tanks. M60 turrets had three lifting eyes. On early turrets these were arranged with one behind the 105mm gun and one on each rear corner. On later turrets this was reversed, with one on each front corner and a single eye on the rear of the turret.
M60 was quickly followed by M60A1, and the major redesign was the turret. M60A1 featured a longer, "needle-nosed" turret, which placed the 105mm gun 5" (13cm) forward of where it would be in M60's turret. M60A1 also featured increased armor protection, improved location of the brake and accelerator pedals, hydraulic instead of mechanical linkages for those pedals, and improved seats. Friction snubbers were installed on the first two and last road wheels from the start of production.
There were many improvements to the M60A1 over its lifetime. Top-loading air cleaners, which were easier to maintain and provided better air filtration than earlier versions, were introduced in 1971. A stabilization system for the M68 was introduced in 1972; M60A1s fitted with stabilization were designated M60A1(AOS) for Add-On Stabilization. M60A1(RISE), or Reliability Improvements for Selected Equipment, was fielded in 1975. M60A1(RISE) had a more reliable engine with the top-loading air cleaners; stronger cylinders; improved starter, fuel injection lines, and nozzles; and better turbo-superchargers. The T142 track allowed for longer track life since the rubber pads were replaceable. The top loading air cleaners were armored starting in January 1977. Improvements were also made to the tank's electrical system. M60A1(RISE)(PASSIVE), first seen in 1977, was fitted with a smaller gun shield-mounted searchlight that produced white and infrared light, and the gunner and commander were given passive night vision sights. The M68 gun tube was also wrapped in a thermal shield to prevent barrel droop due to temperature imbalances.
M60A2 was composed of a new, narrow-profile turret placed on M60A1 hulls. The vehicle used the 152mm gun-launcher originally intended for the next US main battle tank project. The M162 gun-launcher fired the MGM-51C Shillelagh missile, also used by the M551 Sheridan. The commander sat well to the rear of the turret, and the gunner and loader each had hatches in the turret sides. Late-production M60A2s were built without bore evacuators, since they used the closed-breech scavenging system (CBSS), which used compressed air to blow any remnants of the combustible ammunition case out of the gun-launcher before the breech was opened. In M60A2, the CBSS was located below the engine exhaust louvres in the hull rear, and this made a distinctive bulge below the exhaust louvres. Due to the complexity of the fire control system and missile guidance hardware, M60A2 was sometimes derisively known as "Starship".
M60A3 was an improved M60A1, featuring a laser rangefinder, solid state ballistic computer, and crosswind sensor. The laser rangefinder utilized the right-side rangefinder blister. In August 1979, the AN/VSG-2 tank thermal sight was added to M60A3s to allow better passive visibility in inclement weather conditions such as smoke or fog. M60A3s equipped with this device were designated M60A3(TTS). Steel road wheels were again used starting in May 1980, since they cost less than the lighter aluminum wheels. Drivers were provided with an improved floor escape hatch lock, and the power of the turret motor was doubled, from 5 to 10 horsepower. M60A3s also were later fitted with a muzzle reference system, a Halon fire extinguishing system, a vehicle engine exhaust smoke system, and hardware to allow the mounting of equipment such as chemical alarms.
The M60-based M60 AVLB (Armored Vehicle Launch Bridge) and the M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle were the only variants of the M60 deployed to South Vietnam. The AVLB, commonly referred to as the "bridge tank", was mounted on an M60 tank hull, and the M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle was an M60 tank mounting a short-tubed 165 mm (6.5 in) main gun that fired a shaped charge.
Late in the M60's U.S. Army service a number of prototype upgrades were evaluated. These were passed over in favor of simply producing more M1 Abrams. Due to the end of the Cold War, surplus US Army M1s were absorbed into the remaining USMC units, allowing the Marine Corps to become an all-M1 tank force at reduced cost. Except for a small number in active service, most M60s were placed in reserve, with a few being sold to US allies.
The M60A3 participated in close air support trials with the F-16 in the 1980s. M60A1s are still used by the USAF for testing of ground radar equipment on new aircraft and for ground force adversarial work at Red Flag at Nellis AFB Nevada.
USMC M60A1 tanks were used in Grenada and Beirut in 1983. In February 1991 USMC M60A1 ERA tanks rolled into Kuwait city after a two-day tank battle at the Kuwait airport.
During Operation Desert Storm in 1991 at least one US Air Force unit was equipped with M60s. The 401st TFW (P), deployed to Doha, Qatar had two M60s for use by explosives ordnance disposal personnel. It was planned that using the MBTs would allow the EOD crews to remove unexploded ordnance from tarmac runway and taxiway surfaces with increased safety.
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) purchased its first M60A1 tanks from the US in 1971. M60s and M60A1s saw action with Israel during the 1973 Yom Kippur War in both the Sinai and the Golan Heights (although mainly in the Sinai). The United States sent additional M60s to Israel just before and during hostilities. Following the war, the IDF received many more M48s, M60s and M60A1s from the U.S. Israel further upgraded their inventory of M60s prior to their use in the invasion of Lebanon in the 1982 Lebanon War. The Israeli modifications included new tracks and explosive reactive armor (ERA). This variant was known as the Magach. Further work in Israel has been done on the upgraded Magach models, adding new armor, new fire control system, a thermal sleeve and smoke dischargers. The latest versions, the Magach 7 (with variants A through C), are in use with some IDF units. South of Beirut in 1982 some 400 Syrian tanks including T-72s were destroyed by Israeli M-60A1s and Merkava 1 tanks. This surprised western analysts who said M-60s easily defeated newer Soviet built T-72s in combat.
In July 2013, Israel began a program called Teuza (boldness) for the purpose of turning some military bases into sales lots for obsolete IDF equipment. Older models that are not suited for Israel's forces will be sold off, or sold for scrap if there are no buyers. M60A1/A3 and Magach tanks are among those being offered. Main buyers are expected from Latin American, Asian, and African countries.
The M60A1 RISE Passive of the U.S. Marines saw action during Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Persian Gulf War, opposing Iraqi armor which included the T-54, T-55, T-62, Type 69, and T-72. The M60A1s were fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor (ERA) packages and supported the drive into Kuwait City, where they were involved in a two-day tank battle at the Kuwait airport with ten tanks lost. They saw service with the United States Marine Corps and the Saudi Arabian Army.
As of 2005, M60 variants were in service with Bahrain, Bosnia, Brazil, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Thailand, Taiwan, Iran, and some other nations to varying degrees. Royal Thai Army M60A3s were engaged in combat to recapture Border Post 9631 from Myanmar Army forces in 2001, and reportedly exchanged fire with Type 69 tanks.
The U.S. military continues to have significant stockpiles of M60s waiting to be scrapped, sold-off, converted, or used as targets in weapons testing, or used for radar objects for jet attack planes. Some vehicles that use the chassis are still in use, however. Most of the M60s still used are much upgraded models. Pattons formed the basis for many 'new' tank designs, some using the chassis but with all-new turrets others using various upgrade packages. Jordan for example, is modifying two battalions of M60A3 with the IFCS system.
Greece offered to donate 13 M60A3 tanks to Afghanistan in 2007.
Current Countries Using the M60
ISO Group maintains inventory, manufacturer relationships, blueprint, and specification databases all for the purpose of extended support for your maintenance and overhaul requirements. ISO Group reduces life cycle costs for maintenance and overhaul facilities and governments by simplifying and efficiently managing the supply of spare parts, main assemblies and upgrades. We can provide new, overhauled, rebuilt, major components, or exchanges depending on your requirements.
ISO Group's extensive experience in global weapons system sustainment and export compliance provides a strong foundation for supporting military sustainment to foreign countries. ISO Group can support you through Direct Commercial Sale (DCS), or through the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. ISO Group offers support for new, as well as late model or obsolete, variants and platforms.
ISO Group's maintenance and overhaul support routinely extends equipment and material life-cycle across all land based vehicles, military air platforms, and naval vessels and equipment. Our proprietary database of inventory availability, technical manuals and drawings, and supplier performance statistics help us deliver quality products, on time.
ISO Group maintains strong supply chains that specialize in supporting the M60 series tank.
The M60 Main Battle Tank can readily be upgraded for advanced propulsion, mobility, armor and firepower. Fully tested modernization packages ensure continued use, improve reliability, and extend the service life by 15-20 years, as well as an increase of combat efficacy comparable to modern tanks.
ISO Group is uniquely positioned as an independent contractor to offer upgrade options for this vehicle. For each feature, multiple options can be offered. The options chosen can be integrated as a custom upgrade package for installation by the end user or a full turn-key service can be provided.
Upgrade to the latest air cooled diesel tank engine for maximum performance. The latest AVDS 1790 series engine produces 60% more horsepower as compared to the standard M60 engine.
Multiple upgrade options are available for the M60 transmissions based on engine power output. They can be provided separately or as part of a complete powerpack upgrade.
Advanced armor upgrades provide added protection against the threat of shaped-charge warheads and missiles.
Increased vehicle performance and improved quality of ride over rough terrain are just some of the improvements provided by this upgrade.
These fully-integrated systems are dependable, cost-effective, and designed to easily integrate into each M60 series tank.
Advanced technology allow for the adaptation of improved Weapon/Turret Control and Stabilization System (W/TCSS).